Tanzania is an East African country just south of the equator. it was formed a sovereign state in the year 1964. It is bordered by Uganda, lake Victoria and Kenya in the north, Indian ocean at the east, towards south there is Lake Nyasa, law, Zambia, Mozambique, and Burundi Rwanda and Lake Tanganyika on the western side.
Tanzania was formerly known as Tanganyika, Meaning Tanga (Sail) and Nyika (Arid Plain). It is one of the largest countries on the continent and a hidden tourist jewel. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak and the lowest bed is Lake Tanganyika. Tanzania is famous for its natural wonders its most famous national park in the Serengeti and largest lake is the Lake Victoria.
Tanzania is known for its sunbathe getaway, paradise island of Zanzibar, UNESCO listed stone town, snorkeling and diving at the spice islands and mafia islands which has a gorgeous coral reef and opportunity to witness the white whale deadly sharks and many more.
Tanzania is often visited by youth for its adventure activities like safari tours and mountain climbing. As well as by couples and middle-aged people for its scenic beauty and historical places. It is famous for its wildlife, it has the largest animals per sq kilometre in the world with about four million animals and a quarter of the country is occupied with national parks and Nature reserves and Protected areas.
The capital of Tanzania is Dodoma and Dar Es Salaam is the commercial capital. It is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and safer than its other African countries which have prolonged issues and civil wars. The main currency is Tanzanian shilling, although Euros and US dollars are widely accepted. Visa on arrival is provided and one should have a YLF certificate.
Tanzania’s main source of income is agriculture and tourism, there are many plantations growing tea and coffee, tobacco cotton and nuts. it is a third world country with a fast-growing economy. Tourism provides business to the country because of nature and national parks with and historic places. Popular animals in this country are crocodiles lions(famous for climbing trees), leopards and hippopotamus. The country is a home to a various mineral resources which are often plundered by powerful MNC’s over the world at cheap rates.
Tanzania is supposed to be one of the oldest inhabited areas on the planet earth. Fossils have been found over 2 million years old. It is believed hunter and gathers of caustic and Khoisan ancestry resided and populates the place. The banter tribe emigrated from Western Africa and settled in Tanzania over two thousand years ago.
Vasco De Gama Was the first European to explore and reach Tanzania in 1498, Portuguese Traders traded with Tanzania but were driven out by Arabs. Tanzania has a long history with Arabian countries and his a presence if them even until today.
In recent times Imperial Germany Great Britain and Belgium have ruled and managed the city till 1961 when it was independent of Britain forming the Republic of Tanzania. It joined hands with Zanzibar in 1964 and other offshore islands.
Culture and diversity
It is believed that one-third of the population is Muslims with a majority of Sunni Muslims. Swahili is the official language of Tanzania along with English. it is also known to have more than 200 languages with different dialects and accents. The traditional dialect in Kiunguja.
Arabic is also important language due to its old Islamic tradition. The German language also has preceded in the city but on a decline. Tanzania used to be part of east African Germany. There are a lot of migrated workers from Asian countries like Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka Bangladesh and Indonesia due to which Gujrati, Hindi, Tamil and Bahasa Indonesia are among the popular languages. English is spoken throughout Tanzania.
The food is varied and has influences from Asian countries like India, Pakistan and Europe. it is known for meat-based spicy food. Nyama Choma is the popular dish served usually with rice. Tanzania is also famous for its locally brewed beer, Chaggar beer, and Banana beer.
Tanzania has a varied climate from humid and hot in low lying areas to dry heat in the day and cooler nights. Tanzania’s weather is not classified under summer and winter instead it is classified as dry and wet seasons. It has two rainy seasons from October to December know is the mango rains (Pre- Monsoon Showers) and from March to May (Summer Showers). In High altitude areas like Kilimanjaro, temperatures fall below freezing level, There is a hot and humid temperature in the coastal areas with an average temperature of 30c Sea breeze makes the weather pleasant during June to September which is also the ideal time to visit as the temperatures are bearable.
Top Tourist Attractions In Tanzania
Tanzania is famous for tourism it was founded in 1964 from two separate nations states, it is home to Kilimanjaro Africa’s highest mountains and home to one of the most popular desert safari, it has white sand beaches and unforgettable camping sites amidst nature. Elephants and lions in nature with the wild dogs and migratory birds in one place. There are even voodoo relics and rock painting in caves. Tanzania is Picturesque country tailor-made for safari enthusiasts to explorers, a photographers dream venue and just as it is for all the cultural and history lovers. Tanzania has something for everyone of all ages
1. Mount Kilimanjaro ( Mountains of Greatness)
The mountain is located in the north of the country on the border with Kenya. it is part of Kilimanjaro national park near mocha town and is a UNESCO world heritage site It has three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, it is a dormant volcano in Tanzania, one of the highest mountains in Africa roughly 5,895 meters above sea level. It is known as a major camping and climbing destination. It is the highest free-standing peak as well highest accessible point. For hikers, this is adventure of lifetime, roughly around 30,00 people attempt to climb this peak annually.
The mountains snow caps have diminished in the last few years and has lost 70% of its snow in this last 100 years and shall be ice-free by 2050 thus is it is a must visit by every tourist. the vegetation of this peal varies drastically and it has rain forest, moorland, alpine desert and an artic summit. the animals found in this park are Tree hyrax, red duiker, cape buffalos elephants, blue monkeys, hushbabies and leopards making it to the list of rare and endangered species of the world.
2. Serengeti National Park
It is a vast ecosystem in east-central Africa spans around 30,000 square kilometers. the name has been derived by the people of Maasai and it means endless plains. it is located in the north of Tanzania and goes up toll south of Kenya. it has a number of protected areas which are maintained by the government. these regions host a number of mammal migration and are the most important natural event in the world and are popular African safari destination. It is the largest national park and attracts many tourists every year. the best months to visit are between December and June and off seasons are April to July.
3. The Zanzibar beaches
Zanzibar archipelago consists of Zanzibar and Pemba islands. it is a major holiday destination known for its beautiful beaches Once a part of British empire today Zanzibar is a region of Tanzania. It used to be trading center between East Africa and East Asia is one of the most famous tourist attraction for white whale and scenic beaches and cultural sites like the stone town. The island has one of the best beaches in the world and loved by surfing enthusiasts, it surrounded by Indian ocean with clear turquoise water and known for its white sand. A family and youth based destination to visit the colorful history of sultans place traditional architecture and luxurious beach resorts, while the youth can spend time in surfing, and snorkeling.
4. Mafia Island
It is located in the popular southern circuit of Tanzania and Zanzibar and it famous for lagoons and has earned Marine and Wildlife Protection status It is part of Spice islands, smaller to Pemba. It was once a trading point between East Africa and East Asia, today it draws divers and snorkelers from around the world to the undersea world protected by the Mafia Island Marine Park.The best months to visit for diving are October to march but the best weather is may to October. a number of birds and fish species are seen in the area, it is a breeding ground for green turtles which are close to extinction.
5. Pemba Island
It is the northernmost island in the Zanzibar archipelago. Famous for its scuba diving and visual appeals. Pemba’s terrain is hilly and lush green grass and mangroves lined on the coast, There are many un-named desert islands around Pemba for scuba diving The city of “Chake-Chake” is the heart of Pemba and base for scuba divers. It is seldom visited by tourists compared Zanzibar.It is a major wood clove producer and well known for its medicine and magic. This island on Indian ocean is famous for its voodoo practices. A relaxed and offbeat location compared to many tourist attractions in Tanzania is a paradise for adrenaline junkies and adventure enthusiasts, Families flock up the island during January to enjoy the weather and stay at beach houses.
6. Stone Town
It is located on the western coast of Unguja it is a Unesco world heritage site the year 2000 and cultural heart of Zanzibar with influences of Arabs Indians Persians and Europe in its architecture.
There are number of places worth visiting in this town
Darjani bazaar: It is market known for its sale of spices and meat added by some craft based goods
Anglican Cathedral: This cathedral was built on the slave market which at one point was the biggest on the island by a British abolitionist.The architecture of the cathedral has many European gothic and Islamic details.
7. Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Ngorongoro was formed after a volcano erupting two to three million years ago which collapsed and formed a crater. it has received its name from the Ngorongoro Crater. There are large number wild animals like crate lions, buffalos, cheetah, blue wildebeest African leopard, waterbucks, and crocodiles. the most famous animal in this area is the black rhino, Approximately 25,000 large and small animals reside in this crater. Lake Magadi is a large lake home to many flamingoes.
8. Ruaha National Park
It is one of the least accessible parks in Tanzania in the middle of the country and is famous for vast lands and untouched beauty, The park is named after the hehe word “Ruaha” which means river. the park is famous for wild dogs, Lion, Elephants, Cheetah, Giraffes, Zebras, Impala, and jackals. Due to its lack of visitors, Many people have not explored this national park well and is a must visit if you are traveling to Tanzania Next time.
9. Lake Victoria
The largest freshwater lake in Africa and is bordered by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Bird spotting is popular expertise in this place, It is told to be Africa’s tropical lake and second largest freshwater lake in the world. It is the headwater of the popular river Nile which runs through Africa. It is also the most dangerous lake due to its weather and annually 5000 people die around this lake.
10. Dar Es Salaam
The commercial capital famous for its lavish nightlife is a cultural hub. It means Haven of Peace in Arabic.Nightlife and restaurants are a must visit, it is a place majorly run and resided by the youth as it is the commercial capital of Tanzania. The following places are must visit in “Dar Es Salaam” – National Museum & House of Culture, Askari Monument , Botanical Gardens , Mbudya Island , Kunduchi Wet ‘N’ Wild Water Park and Oyster Bay